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HSA Accounts: The Cousin to 401(k) Plans

07/19/2018  |  By: Terri Mangrum, Flexible Compensation & Compliance Manager

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Most people know that saving for retirement is important. Many invest in their employer’s 401(k) plan, mutual funds, or other savings vehicles with the hope of having enough money to carry them through their golden years until death. We all know we will need money for shelter, food, transportation, daily living expenses, and, hopefully, a little fun. However, one thing often overlooked when planning for retirement is healthcare. 

Medical Care and Retirement

Medical care is one of the largest expenses seniors will incur during their retirement years. The Baby Boomer generation is experiencing many chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. These diseases require ongoing care and treatment and can be financially detrimental to a retiree. Many Boomers may also endure a great deal of stress, due to concerns that they may not have enough retirement income to fund such costly medical expenses.

The Benefits of an HSA

Investing in your employer’s 401(k) plan is always a must, however, your employer may also offer another savings tool that is often overlooked when planning for retirement. The HSA (Health Savings Account) can be a vital component in reaching retirement goals. The HSA is a medical savings account that is paired with a High-Deductible Health Insurance Plan (HDHP). Contributions to an HSA may be made by the employee and their employer, and the contributions are tax-free. Funds may be used for payment of medical care incurred by the account holder and dependents. HSA funds can be invested in stocks, bonds, and other investment funds to encourage further fund growth, and earnings are also tax-free. Additionally, unspent funds in an HSA rollover and grow from year to year. The HSA belongs to the employee, and if the employee’s employment ends, the HSA goes with them.

HSAs and Retirement

How does this help with retirement? An employee who consistently contributes to their HSA account and manages the spending from that account may find that they have a significant balance after several years. If the account holder is relatively healthy and requires minimum medical care, the account balance will continue to flourish. The HSA remains with the employee upon retirement, and, at age 65, the funds in the account may also be spent on non-medical expenses; however, the funds will be taxed as income for those non-medical expenses, but never for qualified medical expenses. HSA funds can also be used for the payment of Medicare and long-term care premiums.

A well-funded, tax-free HSA account can eliminate the need to use taxable 401(k) savings for medical care. This can be welcomed relief to many retirees, as most wish to use their retirement savings for living and enjoyment. Contributing to an available HSA over the long term should be given as much consideration as contributing to a 401(k) plan. 

Connect with our team today to learn more about how we can help you navigate the differences between 401(k) plans, HSAs, and retirement plans.